UN-HABITAT formally known as United Nations Centre for Human Settlements (Habitat) was founded in 1976. The Habitat II Conference in Istanbul (1996) adopted Habitat Agenda with two foundation stones as ‘Shelter for all’ and ‘Sustainable human settlement in an urbanizing world’ and got its present outfit United Nations Human Settlement Programme (UN-HABITAT) in 2002. The overall objective of UN-HABITAT is to promote sustainable urbanization. With this objective under the framework of Medium Term Strategic and Institutional Plan (MTSIP) 2008-2013, UN-HABITAT is focusing on five areas of work:
Focus Area 1: Advocacy Monitoring and partnership
Focus Area 2: Participatory urban planning management and governance
Focus Area 3: Pro poor land and housing
Focus Area 4: Environmentally sound basic urban infrastructure and services
Focus Area 5: Strengthen Human settlements Finance system
While promoting Habitat Agenda, through its programmes and bi-annually celebrated World Urban Forum, UN-HABITAT is actively involved in pursuing the Millennium Development Goals, particularly MDG 7 target 10 and 11.
UN-HABITAT in Nepal
Habitat Country Programme Document (HCPD) 2011-12 is the programme framework of UN-HABITAT in Nepal. The programme has following focuses:
- Promoting ‘shelter for all’ with emphasis on urban poor and vulnerable population including slum and squatter, both at policy level and in implementation;
- Promoting water and environmental sanitation, water demand management, WATSAN governance, integrated water resource management and capacity building at various levels.
- Disaster preparedness and recovery, particularly actively involving in CERF activities and shelter cluster including preparing building codes and norms and post disaster recovery support
- Supporting climate change management issues in terms of cities including Cities and Climate Change Initiatives.
- Raising urban agenda through Nepal Urban Forum, National Urban Observatory, and similar collaborative works
Under the programme framework UN-HABITAT has supported landless Koshi flood victims of 2008 with integrated shelter, promoting urban water and sanitation under Water for Asian Cities Programme, initiated full sanitation coverage in five selected districts through Global Sanitation Fund, prepared Nepal Urban Housing Sector Profile Study, etc.
Padma Sunder Joshi
Habitat Programme Manager
UN-HABITAT, Pulchowk, Lalitpur
P.O. Box107, Pulchowk, UNHouse, NEPAL