UN Habitat supporting EcoSan Toilet Promotional Campaign in Nagarkot

Ms. Nanu Maiya Giri, principal of Chuna Devi Lower Secondary School appreciates the effort of her community people proudly. She claims that it’s their dedication that turned the catchment area of school into a total sanitation zone.

According to her, after prolong dedication the Magar tole, Danda Gaunt  tole, Kuwa Pani tole, Ghising tole and Gairi Gaun of Nagarkot Village  Development Committee (VDC) were declared Open Defecation Free (ODF) on  25 December, 2010 in Nagarkot.
Earlier to this declaration, villagers were not aware on health and  hygiene, and open defecation used to be rampant. After participating in a  training programme on School Led Total Sanitation (SLTS), organized by  Department of Water Supply and Sewerage (DWSS) and UN Habitat, Nanu  Maiya realized the importance of toilet in the surrounding communities  of Chuna Devi School. She, thus, shared the knowledge gained from the  training with other teaching staffs and her students at school, who  later supported her in driving SLTS campaign in and around the school  catchment.
The campaign conducted various activities including door to door visit,  community orientation, and community consultation in school catchment  area covering 278 household that enhanced community awareness on  sanitation to the large. It helped the campaigners to convince many of  community people, who expressed their interest to have toilet of their  own and requested for necessary support.
At the meantime, UN Habitat, Nepal Node for Sustainable Sanitation  (NNSS) and DWSS came forward to support villagers to construct EcoSan  toilets. Altogether 50 units of wet EcoSan toilets were constructed in  the village with this support. The extension of these facilities  benefited more than 250 inhabitants, who didn’t have toilet facility  earlier.
Similarly, two units of urine collection system were installed in the  village, one at Chuna Devi Lower Secondary School and another at Centre  for Human Resource Development Unit (CHRDU), DWSS for demonstration of  urine application. The school collects 4-5 thousand litre urine every  month, while around 800 litre urine is collected from the system at  CHRDU.
The villagers, who had only heard about urine application, started  harvesting urine and applying in agriculture to supplement nitrogenous  requirement of their cultivation after these constructions. The faeces  will also be utilized as a soil conditioner.  These practices helped  community people decrease their dependency on chemical fertilizer;  taught them the way to utilize human excreta; and helped them to grow  organic food. Moreover, it brought behavioral change among villagers;  decreased open defecation remarkably and improved health condition by  improving environmental sanitation in the communities.
It soon impressed other community people, who also started demanding for  support to construct toilet at their homes. Responding their demand,  DWSS provided necessary support to the villagers. Additional five units  of EcoSan toilet were constructed with this support, while remaining 20  units are under construction.
The success that the campaign gained and the improvement it brought in  sanitation situation in these communities motivated Nanu Maiya and other  campaigners to increase their dedication in the campaign. They are now  making a broad vision to declare Nagarkot VDC as a whole ODF. Therefore,  they have recently expanded their catchment area to Pipalbot and  Lamatole. They are constructing 40 units of EcoSan toilets in these new  communities in their first phase and planning to expand activities  gradually.

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